In 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the first permanent settlement of white Americans in the future state.The Kansas–Nebraska Act became law on May 30, 1854, establishing Nebraska Territory and Kansas Territory, and opening the area to broader settlement by whites.
The abolitionists prevailed, and on January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the Union as a free state.
After the Civil War, the population of Kansas grew rapidly when waves of immigrants turned the prairie into farmland.
The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states is in Smith County near Lebanon.
Until 1989, the Meades Ranch Triangulation Station in Osborne County was the geodetic center of North America: the central reference point for all maps of North America.
The Santa Fe Trail traversed Kansas from 1821 to 1880, transporting manufactured goods from Missouri and silver and furs from Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Wagon ruts from the trail are still visible in the prairie today.His application to that body for a commission was flatly rejected due to his pre-war criminal record.After the Civil War, many veterans constructed homesteads in Kansas.By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans.) is the 15th-largest state by area and is the 34th most-populous of the 50 states with a population of 2,911,641. Mount Sunflower is Kansas' highest point at 4,041 feet (1,232 m).For a millennium, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans.Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.