That's right, it was in the middle of the Russian Federation but this has nothing to do with modern Russian culture.In the scientific study cited below, the Mal'ta Boy is designated as MA-1.
If you find a place where you find first cousins, second cousins, etc., that would become a candidate origin location for your great-grandfather. YFull estimates the age of the P Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) at about 31,000 years ago. R1b (M343) lineage may have been in the neighborhood but just barely struggled through. "ht35" is haplotype #35 and "ht15" is haplotype #15.A haplotype is just a set of alleles (values) at given mutation locations. study said, We are not testing for p49a,f/Taq I today in our projects as SNPs have essentially obsoleted it, but p49a,f/Taq I was an important early marker.I asked and received permission to cite here, with minor formatting and organizational changes.In part two I will talk about a specific case study involving the connection of ancient DNA to a more recent group of men.Eurasia is really one continent and Europe is just the western end or might be considered a peninsula of Eurasia.
I want to point out an early population genetics study. Spencer Wells, has been the leader of the National Genographic Project for the last ten years and just retired from it in 2015.
He was only three or four years old when he met his demise but we can think of him as some kind of very grand old uncle.
Obviously, his lineage dead-ended but the study classified him: The term basal is used to describe early branching away from the main clades.
Derived is positive or " " in our terminology so they are talking about M45 , M173 and M17 . This finding, as well as geography, strongly suggests that the source of both of these migrations was an ancient Central Asian population..." The article talks of diversity.
This just follows the the concept that if you don't know where your grandfather is from, besides finding out more about your father you might want to check where your first cousins are from. Spencer Wells characterization of what he called people of haplogroup R in his National Geographic TV specials. I speculate that the cold climates and the requirement for organization to kill large animals, as well as other things, may have played a role.
This study has errant dating in terms of migrations out of Central Eurasia, but to understand the root of R1b, "R", we need to go back and look at this study as ground work.