whose central figures were later immortalized in one of the Four Classics of Chinese literature.
At its end, Wei was swiftly overthrown by the Jin dynasty.
In the south, the general Liu Yu secured the abdication of the Jin in favor of the Liu Song.The various successors of these states became known as the Northern and Southern dynasties, with the two areas finally reunited by the Sui in 581.Both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China, though the latter has more recognition in the world and controls more territory.Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the BCIM and the G20.As of 2016 The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.
During the 1950s and 1960s, after the defeat of the Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War, it was also referred to as "Communist China" or "Red China", to be differentiated from "Nationalist China" or "Free China"., though centralized authority was slowly eroded by feudal warlords.Han China gradually became the largest economy of the ancient world.Despite the Han's initial decentralization and the official abandonment of the Qin philosophy of Legalism in favor of Confucianism, Qin's legalist institutions and policies continued to be employed by the Han government and its successors.In 907, the Tang disintegrated completely when the local military governors became ungovernable.The Song Dynasty ended the separatist situation in 960, leading to a balance of power between the Song and Khitan Liao.The Jin fell to civil war upon the ascension of a developmentally-disabled emperor; the Five Barbarians then invaded and ruled northern China as the Sixteen States.