Accordingly, the Christian or Jewish wife of a Muslim lives under the protection of a man who respects the basic tenets of her faith, her Scripture, and her Prophets, while in contrast to this the Jew or Christian recognizes neither the Divine origin of Islam, its Book, or its Prophet (peace be on him).
Thus a Muslim finds no harm in his wife’s being a Christian or a Jew, for the spirit of tolerance Islam holds for other religions is ingrained in him.
In his response to the question you raised, the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Hanooti, member of the North American Fiqh Council, states: “If Allah is the one who prohibits a Muslim woman from marrying a non-Muslim, then we as Muslims are supposed to believe it and to take it.
It aims to establish a home on the bases of tranquility, faith and Islamic morals.
To fulfil this task, the whole family must apply Allah’s course and try to convey His message.
As a matter of faith, you cannot become a Muslim unless you accept everything when it is ordained by Allah or carried out by his Messenger. Put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger…”(Al-Hujurat: ) If you ask about the benefits of not marrying a non-Muslim, we can count you many reasons. He will persecute his Muslim wife in many dos and don’ts. Moreover, marriage is an institution for elevating our levels of having a good Islamic life. If a woman is married to a non-Muslim, maybe the only thing she will accomplish in her marital life is what is good for livestock.” Shedding more light on the question, we’d like to cite the words of the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheik Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, in his well-known book, The Lawful and the Prohibited in Islam: “It isharamfor a Muslim woman to marry a non-Muslim man, regardless of whether he is of the People of the Book or not.
We have already mentioned the saying of Allah,“…and do not marry (your girls) to idolaters until they believe…”(Al-Baqarah: 221) And He said concerning the immigrant Muslim women:“Then if you know them to be Believers, do not send them back to the unbelievers.
Imam Taj Hargey of the Muslim Educational Centre of Oxford is an exception.
He has conducted marriage services for Muslim women without their Christian or Jewish partners converting.
They are not lawful for them (as wives), nor are they lawful for them (as husbands).”(Al-Mumtahanah: 10) No text exists which makes exceptions for the People of the Book.
Hence, on the basis of the above verses, there is a consensus among Muslims concerning this prohibition.
Now, the Muslim believes that both Judaism and Christianity originated in divine revelation, although later distortions were introduced into them.